Here is an overview of some relevant statistics.
- In 2006, Canada’s population reached 31.2 million. Approximately 20% — 6.1 million people — were born outside of Canada. About 16% or – 5 million people are visible minorities. (Source: Statistics Canada. Immigration and Citizenship Highlight Tables, 2006 Census.)
- More than 70% of the foreign-born population speak a mother tongue other than English or French. (Source: Statistics Canada, Immigration in Canada: A Portrait of the Foreign Born Population, Census 2006, (December 2007), 5.)
- Roughly two-thirds of Canada’s population growth now comes from net international migration. Population projections show that net immigration may become the only source of population growth by about 2030 and could account for virtually all net labour force growth by 2011. (Source: Statistics Canada. “The Canadian Immigrant Labour Market in 2006: First Results from Canada’s Labour Force Survey.” The Daily, Monday, September 10, 2007.)
- Immigrants aged 25 to 54 are more likely to have a university education than Canadian-born men and women. In 2006, while 36% of immigrants in this age group had at least a bachelor’s degree, the proportion was only 22% among those born in Canada. (Source: Statistic Canada. “Canada’s immigrant labour market.” The Daily, Monday, September 10, 2007.)
- One in five (18.5%) of recent immigrants who arrived between 1992 and 2000 were in low income at least four years during their first five years in Canada. This was more than twice the corresponding rate of around 8% among Canadian-born people. (Source: Garnett Picot, Feng Hou and Simon Coulombe, Chronic Low Income and Low-income Dynamics Statistics Canada , Statistics Canada, January 2007.)
- If all immigrants’ foreign learning and learning credentials were recognized, between $3.4 and $5.0 billion would be added to the Canadian economy every year. (Source: Conference Board of Canada. Performance and Potential 2004-2005: How can Canada prosper in Tomorrow’s World? (Ottawa 2004), 132.)
- In 2001, the disposable income of employed working-age visible minorities in Canada was estimated at $78 billion. Minorities represent approximately 39 per cent of the consumer market in Vancouver, 48 per cent in Toronto and 20 per cent in Montréal. (Source: As cited in. The Conference Board of Canada. Business Critical: Maximizing the Talents of Visible Minorities (Ottawa, 2005.), 94.)
- According to the 2006 Census, 60% of the foreign-born live in the regions of Toronto (60%), Montreal (20%) and Vancouver (21%).
- Of the 5,072,075 people who lived in the Toronto CMA in 2006, almost half – 2,320,160 – were born outside the country. A bit under half are visible minorities – 2,174,070. (Source: Statistics Canada. Immigration and Citizenship Highlight Tables, 2006 Census.)
Diversity Matters – An Action Plan for Inclusion in Public Appointments
A publication from DiverseCity onBoard. The action plan highlights nine practices aimed at dismantling barriers to potential applicants for public appointments. These candidates bring an increasingly diverse set of experiences, skills and perspectives to civic life.
According to research, civic diversity can improve organizational effectiveness to help seize opportunities for improved services and products, enhance decision-making and capitalize on public perception of social consciousness and progress. In fact, some of these recommendations are currently in practice, both locally in the GTA and abroad in other countries, and are seeing success.
For a full description of the practices and examples of how these have been implemented by public and private institutions, read Diversity Matters – An Action Plan for Inclusion in Public Appointments.
Not a Rocking Chair!
How board chairs can provide strategic leadership to public purpose organizations
from the Institute on Governance
Public Appointments Models and Studies
- Public Appointment Secretariat Province of Ontario
- Board Development and Resourcing Office (BRDO) Province of British Columbia
- Directions: Appointments to agencies, boards and commissions Province of New Brunswick
- Public Appointment (Cabinet Office) United Kingdom
Diversity Tools and Facts
- The Municipal Franchise and Social Inclusion in Toronto: Policy and Practice Dr. Myer Siemiatycki
Dr. Myer Siemiatycki is a Professor of Politics at Ryerson University, where he is Director of the Graduate Program in Immigration and Settlement Studies. His paper addresses the question: Would extending the right to vote in civic elections – for municipal council and local school board positions – significantly advance democracy, civic participation and the prospects for more responsive public policy in Toronto?
- Dancing on Live Embers – Racial Equity at Work
This is a hands-on book for people who are trying to create more equitable organizations.
- Diversity Tools Harvard Business School
Tools published by the Harvard Business School to help organizations become more diverse
- Inclusiveness at Work: How to Build Inclusive Nonprofit Organizations The Denver Foundation
The Denver Foundation has developed a resource entitled: Inclusiveness at Work: How to Build Inclusive Nonprofit Organizations (by Katherine Pease et al. The Denver Foundation, 2005).
This is an 18-module workbook to help nonprofits become more inclusive of people of colour by creating their own customized inclusiveness blueprint. Resources available through the Denver Foundation, through their Expanding Nonprofit Inclusiveness Initiative (ENII)
- Diversity Gateway CPRN
- Diversity handbook Ontario Healthy Communities Coalition
- Report on Diversity Statistics Canada
- Vital Difference: The Role of Race in Building Community MIT
Voluntary Sector Resources
- National Study of Board Governance Practices in the Canadian Non-profit and Voluntary Sector
Strategic Leverage Partners and the Centre for Voluntary Sector Research and Development, a joint initiative of Carleton University and the University of Ottawa, have developed a web-based survey that will form the base of a National Study of Board Governance Practices in the Canadian Non-Profit and Voluntary Sector. The study has been designed in response to shifts in the environment in which Canada’s nonprofits operate and a desire to share governance practices across sub-sectors and organizations. The survey, together with focus groups and key informant interviews, aims to gather information that will assist nonprofit and voluntary sector boards across the country become more effective in their governance roles. The results of the study will be made public and shared with nonprofit organizations across Canada in early 2006.