Social Assistance Summaries

Last updated: June 2021

The Social Assistance Summaries series tracks the number of recipients of social assistance (welfare payments) in each province and territory.

For the total incomes available to those relying on social assistance, visit the Welfare in Canada report.

Program details

Social assistance is the income program of last resort. It is intended for those who have exhausted all other means of financial support. Every province and territory has its own social assistance program(s) and no two are the same.
In Manitoba, social assistance is delivered through the Employment and Income Assistance (EIA) program.

EIA provides income assistance to Manitobans in need. In partnership with Training and Employment Services, it also provides employability assessments, personal job planning, work incentives, and other supports to assist Manitobans in entering, re-entering, or remaining in the labour force.


How many people claim social assistance?

On average, there were 43,200 cases (families and single adults) in Manitoba’s Employment and Income Assistance program in 2019-20, and 73,400 beneficiaries (individual claimants, their partners, and dependent children). The slight decreases from the previous year in both social assistance cases and beneficiaries breaks a trend of steady increases in Manitoba that dates back to 2007-08.