Social Assistance Summaries

The Social Assistance Summaries series tracks the number of recipients of social assistance (welfare payments) in each province and territory.

For the total incomes available to those relying on social assistance, visit the Welfare in Canada report.

Last updated: May 2020

Social assistance is the income program of last resort. It is intended for those who have exhausted all other means of financial support. Every province and territory has its own social assistance program(s) and no two are the same.

In Manitoba, social assistance is delivered through the Employment and Income Assistance (EIA) program.

EIA provides income assistance to Manitobans in need. In partnership with Training and Employment Services, it also provides employability assessments, personal job planning, work incentives, and other supports to assist Manitobans in entering, re-entering, or remaining in the labour force.

How many people claim social assistance?

On average, there were 43,300 cases (families and single adults) in Manitoba’s Employment and Income Assistance program in 2018/19, and 73,500 beneficiaries (individual claimants, their partners, and dependent children). This marked a continuation in the steady increase in social assistance cases in Manitoba over the last decade.

Download the data in a spreadsheet

table: MB Data

Data notes

  • The data reflects the average number of cases and beneficiaries over the fiscal year (April 1 to March 31).
  • Figures are rounded to the nearest 100.
  • The numbers do not include First Nations living on reserves.
  • Statistics represent all welfare cases in Manitoba and combine municipal and provincial income assistance statistics where appropriate.
  • Click here for more information about how the data is gathered