Welfare in Canada

Yukon

Last updated: December 2021

This resource is not intended to help individuals identify what government transfers they could be entitled to. Individuals living in Yukon seeking financial assistance should visit this page.

Components of welfare incomes

In Yukon, households that qualify for basic social assistance payments also qualify for:

  • Recurring additional social assistance payments from the territory;
  • Federal and territorial child benefits (for households with children); and
  • Federal and territorial tax credits or benefits.

Together, these combine to form a household’s total welfare income. Households may receive less if they have income from other sources, or more if they have special health- or disability-related needs. In 2020, these households were also eligible for benefits introduced in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The table below shows the value of the welfare income components of the four example household types in Yukon in 2020. All four households are assumed to be living in Whitehorse. The child in the single parent family is two years old and the children in the couple household are ten and 15. COVID-19 pandemic-related benefits are included in the basic social assistance, child benefit, and tax credit/ benefits amounts, where applicable.

Components of welfare incomes, 2020

Note: Totals may not add up due to rounding.

Total annual welfare incomes in 2020 ranged from $19,232 for the unattached single considered employable to $53,462 for the couple with two children. The income of the unattached single with a disability was $22,959 and that of the single parent with one child was $36,599.

Basic social assistance: Yukon’s basic social assistance rates are indexed to inflation and automatic increases take effect each year on November 1.

Additional social assistance: All households received additional benefits:

  • the Yukon Supplementary Allowance of $250 per month for the person with a disability;
  • the Christmas Allowance of $30 annually per person;
  • the Winter Clothing Allowance of $75 annually for persons under 14 years and $125 for persons 14 years or older;
  • the Telephone Allowance of $37 per month per household, paid to those who have been receiving assistance for at least six consecutive months, or paid immediately (without a six-month wait) to those who are excluded from the labour force;
  • the Transportation Expense Allowance of $62 per month per adult, paid to those who have been receiving assistance for at least six consecutive months, or paid immediately (without a six-month wait) to persons who are excluded from the labour force, and $40 per month for each dependent child between the ages of two and 18 (paid immediately); and
  • the Laundry Service Allowance of $10 per month per person, paid to those who have been receiving assistance for at least six consecutive months, or paid immediately (without a six-month wait) to those who are excluded from the labour force and to dependent children.

Federal child benefits: Both households with children received the Canada Child Benefit (CCB), which increased with inflation in July 2020 from $553.25 to $563.75 per month for a child under six years of age and from $466.83 to $475.67 per month for a child aged six to 17. In addition, they received a one-time COVID-19 pandemic-related CCB top-up payment of $300 per child in May.

Territorial child benefits: Both households with children also received the Yukon Child Benefit, which provides a maximum of $68.33 per child per month ($820 per child per year), reduced by five per cent for those with incomes more than $35,000. The single parent with one child received the maximum amount while the couple with two children received monthly amounts of $128 between January and June and $125 between July and December.

Federal tax credits / benefits: All four households received the GST/HST credit, which increased in July 2020 with inflation. The unattached single considered employable and the unattached single with a disability both received $293, the single parent with one child received $586, and the couple with two children received $894. The unattached single considered employable, the unattached single with a disability, and the single parent with one child also received $154 through the GST/HST credit supplement.

A one-time COVID-19 pandemic-related GST/HST credit top-up payment, delivered in April 2020, provided $302 to the unattached single considered employable, $375 to the unattached single with a disability, $733 to the single parent with one child, and $886 to the couple with two children.

Territorial tax credits / benefits: All four households received the Yukon Government Carbon Price Rebate, which was introduced in 2019 to help offset the cost of the federal carbon pollution pricing levy. In 2020, one payment of $43 per individual, including dependent children, was made in April and two payments of $48 each per individual, including dependent children, were made in July and October.

COVID-19 pandemic-related payments

All pandemic-related payments available to the example Yukon households came from federal programs (i.e., the GST/HST credit and Canada Child Benefit). In total, the unattached single considered employable and the unattached single with a disability received an additional $290 related to the pandemic, the single parent with one child received $1,033, and the couple with two children received $1,486. These amounts are included in, and are not in addition to, the benefits described in the Components section above.

COVID-19 pandemic-related payments, 2020

Changes to welfare incomes

The graphs below show how the total welfare incomes for each of the four example household types in Yukon have changed over time. Note that the values are in 2020 constant dollars, and not in nominal dollars. This takes into account the effect of inflation as measured by the national consumer price index given that inflation reduces real dollar values over time.

The welfare incomes of both the unattached single considered employable and the unattached single with a disability followed a similar trend, gradually increasing over the last three decades, with marked increases in 1997, 2008, 2009, 2014 followed by slight a decline until 2019. The 2020 increase resulted in part from benefit indexation but primarily from federal COVID-19 pandemic payments.

In 2020, the welfare income of the unattached single considered employable was $19,232, and that of the unattached single with a disability was $22,959. These were the highest values across the time series.

Welfare incomes of both households with children followed a similar pattern. A significant increase in 1997 was followed by a gradual decline, and another sharp increase in 2008. Steady increases between 2013 and 2017 were due to additional social assistance benefits and federal child benefit changes. The 2020 increase was due in part to benefit indexation but primarily to federal COVID-19 pandemic payments.

In 2020, the welfare income of the single parent with one child was $36,599, while that of the couple with two children was $53,462, both of which are the highest levels across the time series.