Social Assistance Summaries
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The Social Assistance Summaries series tracks the number of recipients of social assistance (welfare payments) in each province and territory.
For the total incomes available to those relying on social assistance, visit the Welfare in Canada report.
Last updated: May 2020
Social assistance is the income program of last resort. It is intended for those who have exhausted all other means of financial support. Every province and territory has its own social assistance program(s) and no two are the same.
In Nova Scotia, social assistance is called Employment Support and Income Assistance (ESIA), which replaced the Family Benefits Program and Municipal Social Assistance in 2001.
ESIA provides financial assistance and employment supports to help people maximize their self-sufficiency by increasing their employability and independence. Basic assistance through ESIA consists of a personal allowance and a shelter allowance. The personal allowance covers the cost of food, clothing, and miscellaneous essentials for adults in the family. The shelter allowance is intended to cover rent/mortgage, fuel and utilities costs, up to an allowed maximum. This maximum is adjusted to reflect family size and the type of accommodation.
How many people claim social assistance?
There were 25,600 cases (families and single adults) in Nova Scotia’s Employment Support and Income Assistance program in March 2019, and 38,400 beneficiaries (individual claimants, their partners, and dependent children). These numbers fell rapidly during the mid-2000s and have been falling much more gradually since 2013. In March 2019, both the number of cases and the number of beneficiaries were at their lowest level for at least two decades.
The data for 1997 to 2001 cannot be validated as they may include municipal assistance in addition to provincial family benefits. During this period, it was common for family benefits clients to access special needs benefits from their local municipal social assistance offices.
- The data reflects the number of cases and beneficiaries on March 31 of each year, except for 2007, when the data reflects the numbers in January.
- Figures for 1997 to 2001 may include municipal assistance caseload and beneficiary figures in addition to provincial family benefits. During this period, it was common for family benefits clients to access special needs benefits from their local municipal social assistance offices. As a result, caseload figures for these years cannot be validated.
- The numbers do not include First Nations living on reserves.
- Click here for more information about how the data is gathered