Advancing justice


Learn more about human rights, poverty, racism and the criminal justice system.


Policing Black Lives: State Violence in Canada from Slavery to the Present
Robyn Maynard. Fernwood Publishing, 2017.

Race, Ethnicity, Crime, and Justice: An International Dilemma (second edition)
Akwasi Owusu-Bempah and Shaun L. Gabbidon. Routledge,  2020.

Articles and reports

Feathers of Hope: Justice and Juries – A First Nations Youth Action Plan for Justice
Office of the Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth – 2016

Exclusion: A reflection on the contributing factors to the lack of diversity in criminal justice professions
Kaylee Rich and Harsimran Sidhu – November 2021

OHRC proposes 10 steps to end systemic racism in policing
Ontario Human Rights Commission – July 2021

Collection of data on Indigenous and ethno-cultural groups in Canada’s official police-reported crime statistics
A joint statement by Statistics Canada and the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police – July 2021

Amadeusz: Inequities in the Enactment and Implementation of Records Suspensions Records Suspensions
Ardavan Eizadirad and Tina-Nadia Gopal Chambers, Journal of Law and Social Policy (York University) – 2021

Unequal Justice: Experiences and outcomes of young people in Ontario’s youth bail system
John Howard Society of Ontario – March 2021

Race and Criminal Injustice: An examination of public perceptions of and experiences with the Ontario criminal justice system
The Canadian Association of Black Lawyers (CABL) and Ryerson University Faculty of Law – February 2021

Rethinking Community Safety: A Step Forward for Toronto
Toronto Neighbourhood Centres, in collaboration with 22 community-based advocacy and service organizations – January 2021

Media stories

Proposed federal justice reforms could reduce number of Indigenous, Black people in system, say advocates
CBC News – May 10, 2021

Indigenous, Black youth spend more time in Ontario court system, according to report
Globe and Mail – March 23, 2021

Too many Black and Indigenous people are in prison. Researchers say mandatory minimum sentences are part of the problem
Toronto Star – March 4, 2021

‘These young people were treated like pieces of furniture:’ Province under fire for decision to abruptly close youth jails and relocate children further away from their families
Toronto Star – March 3, 2021

Liberals to table bill to reform criminal-justice system
iPolitics – February 17, 2021

Bias behind bars: A Globe investigation finds a prison system stacked against Black and Indigenous inmates
Globe and Mail – October 24, 2020